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Tropical rainforests (TRFs) are generally characterised by high species diversity and endemism compared with most other ecosystems. In Africa, TRFs are concentrated along the equatorial belt, a region corresponding to high precipitation. 

Over 50% of the world’s biodiversity is believed to live in the tropics, and while the destruction of flora is a worldwide problem, it is most prevalent in the tropics. Vascular epiphytes are a group of vascular plants that are relatively understudied in Uganda. 

About 24,000 of all vascular plant species are epiphytic and they constitute about 50% of the vascular plants in very wet tropical forests, making their research and conservation vital.

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