UGANDA CONTINUES TO WITNESS THE RAPID LOSS AND DETERIORATION OF ITS NATURAL RESOURCE BASE (FORESTS, WILDLIFE, FISHERIES, GRAZING, SOIL AND WATER) AND, THEREFORE, ITS OPTIONS AND CHANCES FOR LONG-TERM, SUSTAINABLE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT. At present,
the ati ion is in a situation in which its people
are compelled to destroy those very natural resources which are necessary to relieve them of hunger, disease and poverty . . : those same resources required for successful national development. To escape this dilemma, Uganda must do far more to conserve and rehabilitate its natural resources
and, most importantly, to integrate conservation with development.
BE ATTAINED IF ECOLOGICAL GUIDELINES AND.CONSIDERATIONS ARE IGNORED. Recognizing this fact, Uganda is currently formulatinq its National Conservation strategy; the proposed goals of.which are 'to:
a. ensure the-sustainableuse of Uganda's natural resources;
b. preserve the genetic diversity of Uganda;
c. maintain essential ecological processes;
d. use natural resources to satisfy the material, spiritual and cultural needs of all'the people of Uganda, both presen< and future generations.
TROPICAL MOIST FOREST CONSERVATION. The tropical moist forest is the oldest and biologically most complex, richest, and least understood biome on earth. While covering,only6 percent of the world's
land surface, the tropical moist forest houses
50 to 65 percent of its five to ten million species of plants and animals. Yet the tropical moist forest is being destroyed and disrupted by human activities more rapidly than any other biome. Much that is irreplaceable is disappearing every hour, and mankind is only beginning to realize and experience the long-term detrimental impact of these losses.
One of the most urgent and important challenges during the next decade is to reverse this reckless and irresponsible trend. There can be no doubt that should we fail, all of mankind will suffer.