Uganda has extensive protected areas and iconic wildlife (including mountain
gorillas), which exist within a complex social and political environment.
In recent years Uganda has been seen as a test bed and model case
study for numerous and varied approaches to address complex and connected
conservation and development challenges. This volume reviews and
assesses these initiatives, collecting new research and analyses both from
emerging scholars and well-established academics in Uganda and around
the globe. Approaches covered range from community-based conservation
to the more recent proliferation of neoliberalised interventions based on
markets and payments for ecosystem services.
Drawing on insights from political ecology, human geography, institutional
economics, and environmental science, the authors explore the
challenges of operationalising truly sustainable forms of development in a
country whose recent history is characterised by a highly volatile governance
and development context. They highlight the stakes for vulnerable human
populations in relation to large and growing socioeconomic inequalities, as
well as for Uganda’s rich, unique, and globally signicant biodiversity. They
illustrate the conicts that occur between competing claims of conservation,
agriculture, tourism, and the energy and mining industries. Crucially, the
book draws out lessons that can be learned from the Ugandan experience for
conservation and development practitioners and scholars around the world.